The “Expelled Because of Color” monument, located near the Capitol Avenue entrance of the Georgia State Capitol, was dedicated to the 33 original African-American Georgia legislators who were elected during the Reconstruction period.

In the first election after the Civil War (1868), African-American men, including those formerly enslaved, were allowed to vote. There was no law, however, that allowed Black representatives to hold office, so the 33 black men who were elected to the General Assembly were expelled. Another African-American was not to be elected to the Georgia legislature until 1963.

The construction was funded by the Black Caucus of the Georgia General Assembly, which was founded in 1975. They commissioned this monument a year later. Their names are listed on one of the accompanying plaques:

Another plaque describes the meaning of the monument:

The Text reads: “Expelled Because of Color” is dedicated to the memory of the 33 Black state legislators who were elected, yet expelled from the Georgia House because of their color in 1868. The cinder block forms at the base of the sculpture symbolize the building of Black political awareness and self-representation in Georgia. Our enslavement, our role in the Revolutionary War, the Black Church, our labor and the right to vote are components of these Black Georgian’s struggle from the slave ship to the State House. It is credited to the sculptor, John Riddle.
A closer view of the figures.


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